刘婷婷, 周晓婷, 李文龙, 等.四川省绵阳市成人超重和肥胖的流行现状分析.四川大学学报(医学版),2017,48(6):946-948
四川省绵阳市成人超重和肥胖的流行现状分析
Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Adult Populations in Mianyang, Sichuan Province
  
中文关键词:  成人超重肥胖流行现状
英文关键词:AdultOverweightObesityEpidemic status
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中文摘要:
      目的 了解四川省绵阳市成人超重、肥胖的流行现状,为制定成人超重、肥胖的防控策略提供依据。方法 采用多阶段随机抽样方法,于2014年11月至2015年9月在四川省绵阳市共抽取262 434名18岁及以上居民作为研究对象,对其进行问卷调查与体格检查。结果 调查对象中,超重人数共79 981人,超重率为30.48%,男性的超重率(32.28%)高于女性(29.10%, P<0.01);肥胖人数共23 010人,肥胖率为8.77%,男性的肥胖率(8.53%)低于女性(8.95%, P<0.01)。在不同年龄段组中,50~59岁年龄组人群的超重、肥胖检出率最高(39.26%和12.07%)。在不同文化程度组中,初中及以下人群的超重、肥胖检出率最高(35.02%和10.57%);在不同职业组中,业人群的超重、肥胖检出率最高(36.87%和12.65%)。涪城的超重、肥胖检出率(30.01%和10.14%)高于江油(29.97%和7.46%, P均<0.01)。吸烟人群的超重、肥胖检出率(32.88%和9.46%)高于不吸烟人群(30.02%和8.64%, P均<0.01)。饮酒人群的超重、肥胖检出率(33.43%和9.72%)高于不饮酒人群(29.78%和8.54%, P均<0.01)。结论 绵阳市成人超重、肥胖检出率较高,50~59岁、初中及以下文化程度、业、吸烟和饮酒人群的超重、肥胖情况较严重。
英文摘要:
      ObjectiveTo determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adult populations in Mianyang, Sichuan province. MethodsA questionnaire survey involving physical examinations were conducted in 262 434 adults (≥18 yr.) selected through multi-stage random sampling from November 2014 to September 2015 in Mianyang city. ResultsAmong the people surveyed, 79 981 (30.48%) were overweight, and 23 010 (8.77%) had obesity. The male participants had a higher percentage (32.28%) of overweight than females (29.10%, P<0.01), but lower obesity rate (8.53%) than females (8.95%, P<0.01). Those aged 50-59 yr. had the highest prevalence of overweight (39.26%) and obesity (12.07%). The participants with up to junior middle school education were most likely to be overweight (35.02%) and obese (10.57%). Overweight and obesity were most prevalent in the unemployed: 36.87% and 12.65%, respectively. Fucheng had higher prevalence of overweight (30.01%) and obesity (10.14%) than Jiangyou (29.97% and 7.46% respectively, all P<0.01). The prevalence of overweight and obesity was higher in the smokers (32.88% and 9.46%) than in the non-smokers (30.02% and 8.64%, all P<0.01). Those who drank alcohols had higher prevalence of overweight and obesity (33.43% and 9.72%) than those who did not drink alcohols (29.78% and 8.54% respectively, all P<0.01). ConclusionHigh prevalence of overweight and obesity in adult populations in Mianyang is evident, especially in those who are 50-59 years old, unemployed, drinking alcohols, smoking, and have low educational level.
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